MINUSMA (Mali)

UN Chinook helicopters in Mali. Photo:Ministry of Defense
UN Chinook helicopters in Mali. Photo:Ministry of Defense

The Netherlands has made a major contribution to MINUSMA since April 2014 and will extend its contribution until the end of 2018. As yet, Mali cannot do without this UN mission. Stability in Mali is of paramount importance to tackle threats to Europe such as terror and migration.

The Dutch contribution focuses on gathering and analysing information for the mission. In 2018, the Dutch contribution will comprise no more than 250 military personnel.

In 2018, the Netherlands will chair the consultations held by the international community in Mali. The aim of these consultations is to coordinate as much as possible all the efforts of the international community in the field of development, diplomacy and security. Apart from the Netherlands, European countries making a contribution to MINUSMA include Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Austria, Portugal and Sweden.

Resolute Support (Afghanistan)

Landscape in Afghanistan. Photo: Ministry of Defense
Landscape in Afghanistan. Photo: Ministry of Defense

Following the completion of the ISAF-mission, NATO-led mission Resolute Support in Afghanistan was launched on 1 January 2015. The aim of the operation is to further build up the army and police force, in order to enable these institutions to enforce the country's security in the longer term. This is a precondition for re-establishing the rule of law in Afghanistan.

In the past, the international community fought the Taliban with help from Afghanistan. Since 2015, however, the government of Afghanistan itself is responsible for the security of the country. Resolute Support assists the Afghan authorities to this end. The contributing countries recently decided to continue and extend the mission.

The cabinet has decided to extend the current contribution to the mission until 31 December 2018, in order to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a save haven for terrorist organisations again. The cabinet expects that a stable Afhghanistan will also result in a decrease in migration to Europe. Solidarity with the allies and cooperation with Germany also play a role in the decision.

The Netherlands will send 100 military personnel to Resolute Support, namely: 10 advisors, 25 medical staff, a transport unit including security (approximately 30 military personnel) a logistic unit (20 military personnel) and 15 staff officers. In early 2018, the Netherlands will also send a team of surgeons, at the request of NATO.