• Pre-university education, Thorbecke Scholengemeenschap, Zwolle
  • Constitutional economics, Erasmus University, Rotterdam (and partly Stellenbosch University, South Africa)


  • Ministry of Finance 1996-2000
  • Policy advisor, VVD fraction House of Representatives 2000-2004
  • Chairman VVD fraction in city council, municipality of The Hague 2002-2010
  • Ministry of Interior Affairs and Kingdom Affairs 2004-2005
  • Consultant public affairs, Pauw Sanders Zeilstra Van Spaendonck 2005-2010