• Pre-university education, Wessel Gansfort College, Groningen 1995-2001
  • Doctorate general economics (cum laude), University Groningen 2001-2007


  • Weekend- and holiday assistant, nursing home Innersdijk 1998-2002
  • Member of Provincial States for PvdA, province of Groningen, portfolio physical infrastructure, Zuiderzeelijn, tourism and recreation 2003-2007
  • Student-assistant, research project 'Reforming Social Security' (graduation essay), University Leiden 2006-2007
  • PhD research, research project 'Reforming Social Security', University Leiden 2007-present (unpaid since Sept 2012)
  • Coordinating policy officer, direction General Financial and Economical Politics (AFEP), Ministry of Finance 2008-2012