Memorial to the Fallen of WW II (Monument voor de Gevallenen)
There are three monuments of honour in the entrance hall of Binnenhof 1a at the House of Representatives. The Roll of Honour to the Fallen contains the names of nearly 18,000 Dutch nationals who lost their lives during the Second World War. Every day one page of the roll of honour is turned. A bronze memorial plaque commemorates all the Dutch nationals who were killed during the Second World War in the former Dutch East Indies. Finally, there is the digital List of the Fallen during wars and missions after the Second World War. It is a screen enabling people to scroll through the list of names of over 6,000 servicemen and women who were killed since the Second World War.
The Honour Roll is located on an altar and lists approximately 17,500 names from the following groups of people who fought and died for the country: members of the Armed Forces, the Merchant Marine, the Resistance in the Netherlands and an Indonesian group. Each day, a page of the Honour Roll with 24 names is turned. The Honour Roll of the Fallen is placed in the entrance hall of Binnenhof 1a.
The Roll of Honour contains the names of resistance workers, servicemen and crew members of the merchant navy who were killed during the war. The roll of honour is a national monument. On 4 May 1960, the Queen Juliana passed the roll of honour on to the States General, the Senate and the House of Representatives. At the annual Remembrance of the Dead on 4 May the Presidents of both houses of the States General and the Prime Minister lay wreaths at the monument, followed by a minute's silence in commemoration of the war victims.
It took two Benedictine nuns from the Abbey of Our Lady in Oosterhout ten years to write all the 18,000 names in calligraphy on special durable paper. Jan van Krimpen designed the letter form of the roll of honour, whereas Dutch architect Aldo van Eyck designed the memorial table, a rectangular block of lava rock resting upon four identical blocks. The deepened part of the rectangular block of lava rock in which the roll of honour lays is covered with pure gold leaf. Adjacent to the memorial table stands the Dutch flag. The flag symbolises the feelings of respect and gratitude for those who gave their lives for our freedom, which is expressed by the lightly curved position of the flag and the silver laurel wreath in top. The flag was placed on the order of Queen Wilhelmina.
The Roll of Honour to the Fallen displays the family and given names of the fallen, place and date of birth, occupation or military rank and place and date of death. The Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD) composed the list of names by orders of the Government and is responsible for additions and corrections. On the wall of the hall hangs a digital register in which people can look up whether a name occurs in the roll of honour. These data can also be found on www.erelijst.nl.
The digital "List of the Fallen during wars and missions since the Second World War" contains the names of Dutch nationals who were killed during missions and wars after the Second World War. King William Alexander unveiled this monument on Veterans Day, 25 2016, together with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Ms Khadija Arib and the President of the Senate, Ms Ankie Broekers-Knol.
The monument is a screen allowing visitors to scroll through the list of the names of over 6,000 servicemen and women who were killed after the Second World War. Moreover, the monument provides information on the wars and missions they served in. Together with the unveiling of the monument a website was launched with all the names: www.lijstvangevallenen.nl. On this website you can lay a flower. New victims will be added to the list.
Both houses of the States General play an important role in the Government's decision to make a contribution to missions in war zones and to peace missions, both in the past and in the present. Through the List of the Fallen after 1945 the Dutch Parliament shows to be aware of the possible consequences for the servicemen an women, the police officers and civil staff sent on a mission, and for their home front.
The Dutch East Indies Plaque commemorates all the Dutch nationals who died during the Second World War in the then Dutch East Indies. In the role of honour they are listed as a separate category. Every year on 14 August, the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives lay a wreath at the monument. The next day, on 15 August, the day when Japan capitulated, they lay a wreath at the Dutch East Indies Memorial in The Hague.